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Footnotes, Bibliographies & Citation Tools

This guide will help you get started using citations in your academic writing, and teach you the basics about Citation Management Software.

What's a Citation Manager?

Citation Management Software helps you:

  1. organize your references;
  2. automatically format citations and compile a bibliography; and
  3. store links and (in some cases) full-text articles with their references.

Citation Manager Comparison


No Citation Manager




EndNote Basic

Great for...


...using just a few sources for a single project.

...integrating citations automatically as you write in Word or in Google Docs.

...building a research collection to use on multiple projects--even after leaving YU.

...collecting citation information from social media and websites.

...using specific scientific citation styles.

Learning curve

Hard Very easy Medium Easy Medium-hard
Word processor integration* Manual entry Copy & paste MSWord or Google Docs, via add-on MSWord or Google Docs, via add-on MSWord, via add-on
Stores/ organizes files (e.g. article pdfs) No No Yes Yes No


*Word processor integration refers to creation/insertion of in-text citations or citation numbers within the text of your document as you write it, and automated creation/insertion of the Works Cited or Bibliography list.


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